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Cardio Trek Personal Trainer
Cardio Trek
Sports Trainer
East York, Toronto, ON
Hours: Tues-Thurs 10-5:30, Sat-Sun 10-3:30
Cardio Trek is best known for teaching archery lessons in Toronto.

Tuesday, June 20, 2023

Building and Attaching a DIY Sidecar to Your Bicycle: A Step-by-Step Guide

Cycling with a sidecar can be a unique and enjoyable experience, providing an alternative way to transport cargo or even a passenger. Building and attaching a DIY sidecar to your bicycle allows you to customize it to your specific needs and add a touch of creativity to your cycling adventures. 

In this guide, we will lead you through the step-by-step process of building and attaching a sidecar to your bicycle.

Materials Needed:

  • Bicycle frame
  • Sidecar frame (metal or wood)
  • Plywood or metal sheet for the sidecar platform
  • Bolts, nuts, washers
  • Drill and drill bits
  • Saw (if using wood)
  • Screwdriver or wrench
  • Measuring tape
  • Sandpaper
  • Paint and paintbrush (optional)
  • Safety equipment (gloves, goggles, etc.)

Step 1: Design and Planning:

  1. Determine the purpose of your sidecar and plan its size and shape accordingly. Consider factors like cargo capacity, passenger comfort, and stability.
  2. Sketch a rough design of the sidecar, including measurements and attachment points to ensure it fits your bicycle properly.

Step 2: Frame Construction:

  1. Using metal or wood, construct the sidecar frame according to your design. Weld or screw the frame securely.
  2. Ensure the frame is sturdy and well-balanced to maintain stability during rides.
  3. Smooth any rough edges with sandpaper to prevent potential injuries.

Step 3: Sidecar Platform:

  1. Cut a plywood or metal sheet to the size and shape of the sidecar platform. Ensure it fits securely within the frame.
  2. Sand the edges and surface of the platform to make it smooth and safe.

Step 4: Attachment to the Bicycle:

  1. Identify the attachment points on your bicycle frame. These are usually located near the rear axle or on the rear triangle.
  2. Drill holes in the sidecar frame at corresponding attachment points.
  3. Position the sidecar alongside your bicycle and align the attachment points.
  4. Insert bolts through the drilled holes, placing washers and nuts on the opposite side.
  5. Tighten the bolts securely, ensuring the sidecar is firmly attached to the bicycle. Double-check the stability and adjust if needed.

Step 5: Test and Adjust:

  1. Before embarking on a full ride, test the sidecar in a safe area, such as an empty parking lot or quiet street.
  2. Gradually increase speed and observe how the sidecar reacts to the bike's movements.
  3. If necessary, make adjustments to the attachment points or the sidecar's weight distribution to improve stability and maneuverability.

Step 6: Optional: Finishing Touches

  1. If desired, apply a coat of paint to the sidecar frame and platform to protect against rust and add a personalized touch.
  2. Let the paint dry completely before using the sidecar.

Building and attaching a DIY sidecar to your bicycle can be a rewarding and fun project that adds versatility to your cycling adventures. By following this step-by-step guide, you can create a customized sidecar that suits your needs and reflects your creativity. 

Remember to prioritize safety, stability, and balance throughout the process, and enjoy the unique experience of cycling with a sidecar.

Thursday, June 15, 2023

Pros and Cons of Recumbent Bicycles vs Normal Bicycles

Recumbent bicycles offer a distinct riding experience compared to traditional upright bicycles. Here are some pros and cons of recumbent bicycles when compared to normal bicycles:

Pros of Recumbent Bicycles:

  1. Comfort: Recumbent bicycles provide a more ergonomic and comfortable riding position. Riders sit in a reclined position with their weight distributed over a larger area, reducing strain on the back, neck, and wrists. This can be particularly beneficial for individuals with back or joint issues.

  2. Reduced Stress on Joints: The recumbent position places less stress on the knees, wrists, and hands compared to traditional bicycles. This can be advantageous for riders with joint pain or conditions such as arthritis.

  3. Aerodynamic Advantage: Recumbent bikes typically have a lower profile, allowing riders to maintain a more aerodynamic position. This can result in improved speed and reduced wind resistance, especially in flat or slightly downhill terrain.

  4. Enhanced Visibility: The reclined position of recumbent bicycles often provides riders with a better field of view. This can improve visibility and awareness of the surroundings, particularly in urban environments or heavy traffic.

  5. Stability: Recumbent bikes have a lower center of gravity, providing better stability and balance, especially at lower speeds. This can be advantageous for riders who may have balance concerns or are less experienced.

Cons of Recumbent Bicycles:

  1. Adaptation Period: Riding a recumbent bike requires an adjustment period to become accustomed to the different riding position and handling characteristics. Steering, braking, and cornering may feel different initially, and riders may need time to develop new riding skills.

  2. Limited Maneuverability: Recumbent bikes, especially those with longer wheelbases, may have reduced maneuverability compared to traditional bicycles. Tight turns and navigating crowded spaces can be more challenging.

  3. Uphill Performance: Recumbent bikes can be less efficient when climbing steep hills due to the reclined position, as it limits the ability to use body weight to assist in pedaling power. However, recumbent trikes with multiple gears can mitigate this issue to some extent.

  4. Storage and Transportation: Recumbent bikes often require more space for storage due to their longer length and lower profile. They can be less convenient to transport compared to folding or compact upright bicycles.

  5. Limited Availability and Support: Recumbent bikes may be less commonly found in local bike shops compared to traditional bicycles. This can limit the availability of models for test rides, maintenance, and finding accessories or spare parts.

It's important to note that the pros and cons listed above can vary based on individual preferences, riding conditions, and the specific type of recumbent or traditional bicycle being compared. Ultimately, the choice between a recumbent and a traditional bicycle depends on personal comfort, riding goals, and terrain considerations.

Saturday, June 10, 2023

10 Tips when Buying a Recumbent Bicycle

Here's a list of tips to consider when purchasing a recumbent bike:
  1. Test Ride Different Models: It's essential to test ride multiple recumbent bikes before making a decision. Each model has its own unique geometry and riding position, so you'll want to find one that suits your comfort and riding style.

  2. Determine Your Riding Needs: Consider the type of riding you plan to do. Are you looking for a bike primarily for leisurely rides, commuting, touring, or high-performance riding? Knowing your intended use will help narrow down your options.

  3. Consider Frame Material: Recumbent bikes are commonly made of steel, aluminum, or carbon fiber. Each material has its own characteristics, including weight, durability, and ride quality. Consider which material best aligns with your preferences and budget.

  4. Suspension Options: Some recumbent bikes come with suspension systems, particularly in the rear or front fork. Suspension can provide a smoother ride, especially if you plan to ride on rough roads or uneven terrain.

  5. Folding or Non-Folding: If portability and storage space are important to you, consider whether you need a folding recumbent bike. Folding models can be easier to transport and store in tight spaces.

  6. Seat Comfort and Adjustability: The seat is a crucial component of a recumbent bike, as it directly affects your comfort. Look for a seat that provides adequate support and adjustability to accommodate your body size and riding preferences.

  7. Gearing System: Consider the gearing options available on the recumbent bike. Determine whether you need a wide range of gears for hilly terrain or if a simpler drivetrain will suffice for your riding conditions.

  8. Accessory Compatibility: Check if the bike has mounting points or compatibility with accessories such as racks, fenders, water bottle holders, and panniers. This can enhance the bike's functionality and utility for your specific needs.

  9. Research Customer Reviews: Look for customer reviews and feedback on the specific models you are interested in. This can provide valuable insights into the bike's performance, reliability, and customer satisfaction.

  10. Budget Considerations: Determine your budget range before starting your search. Recumbent bikes can vary significantly in price, so having a budget in mind will help you focus on options that are within your financial means.

Remember to consult with local bike shops or recumbent bike specialists who can provide personalized advice based on your specific requirements. They can guide you through the process and offer valuable expertise to ensure you find the right recumbent bike for you.

Monday, June 5, 2023

Recumbent Bicycle Manufacturers + Stores

Below is a list of companies that manufacture recumbent bicycles, arranged from potentially more affordable options to higher-end ones:

  1. Sun Bicycles: Sun Bicycles offers a range of budget-friendly recumbent bikes suitable for recreational riders.

  2. Mobo Cruiser: Mobo Cruiser specializes in three-wheeled recumbent bicycles and offers models that are often more affordable than traditional two-wheeled recumbents.

  3. Performer Cycles: Performer Cycles produces a variety of recumbent bikes, including entry-level models that are competitively priced.

  4. TerraTrike: TerraTrike is known for its range of comfortable and relatively affordable recumbent trikes, suitable for both leisurely rides and commuting.

  5. Bacchetta Bicycles: Bacchetta Bicycles offers a selection of mid-range recumbent bikes with varying price points, providing options for riders seeking performance and comfort.

  6. HP Velotechnik: HP Velotechnik specializes in high-quality recumbent bikes and trikes. While some of their models can be pricier, they also have more affordable options, particularly in their Gekko series.

  7. ICE Trikes: ICE Trikes is a well-known manufacturer of recumbent trikes, providing a range of models with different features and price points.

  8. Catrike: Catrike produces a wide array of recumbent trikes, including both entry-level and premium options. Their offerings cater to different budgets and riding preferences.

  9. Hase Bikes: Hase Bikes manufactures a variety of recumbent bikes and trikes, including tandem models. Their lineup includes both affordable and higher-end options.

  10. Cruzbike: Cruzbike specializes in recumbent bikes with a unique design that combines elements of recumbents and traditional upright bicycles. Their models cater to performance-oriented riders and are generally in the mid-to-high price range.

Please note that pricing and availability can vary over time, so it's always a good idea to check with each company directly or visit their respective websites for the most up-to-date information on their products and pricing.

Recumbent Stores in Toronto

Below is a list of stores in Toronto that historically have been known to sometimes sell recumbents:

  1. Dandy Horse Cycles - 791 Queen St E, Toronto, ON M4M 1H1
  2. Urbane Cyclist - 280 College St, Toronto, ON M5T 1R9
  3. Gears Bike Shop - 109 Vanderhoof Ave, Toronto, ON M4G 2H7
  4. The Bike Joint - 290a Harbord St, Toronto, ON M6G 1G3
  5. Cycle Solutions - 615 Kingston Rd, Toronto, ON M4E 1R3
  6. Bikes on Wheels - 309 Augusta Ave, Toronto, ON M5T 2M2
  7. Sweet Pete's Bike Shop - 550 Bayview Ave, Toronto, ON M4W 3X8
  8. Bateman's Bicycle Company - 913 Bathurst St, Toronto, ON M5R 3G5

It's always a good idea to contact these stores directly or visit their websites to verify their current inventory and availability. Sometimes their inventory may change and they may no longer be interested in selling recumbents.

Thursday, June 1, 2023

How to Diagnose and Fix a Squeaky Chain

A squeaky chain is a common problem for bike owners, but fortunately, it's usually an easy fix. Here's how to diagnose and fix a squeaky chain:


  1. Check for dirt and debris: Dirt, grime, and debris can accumulate on the chain and cause it to squeak. Use a degreaser and a brush to clean the chain and see if the squeaking stops.

  2. Check for worn or damaged chain: Over time, chains can stretch and wear down, causing them to squeak. Check the chain for signs of wear, such as rust, corrosion, or elongation. If the chain is worn, it will need to be replaced.

  3. Check for misaligned chain or gears: A misaligned chain or gears can cause the chain to rub against the derailleur or other components, resulting in a squeaking sound. Check the chain and gears to make sure they are properly aligned.

  4. Check for loose bolts: Loose bolts on the chainring, derailleur, or other components can cause the chain to rattle or vibrate, resulting in a squeaking sound. Check all the bolts on your bike and tighten them as needed.


  1. Clean and lubricate the chain: If the chain is dirty or dry, clean it with a degreaser and lubricate it with a chain lubricant. Apply the lubricant to each link of the chain and wipe off any excess.

  2. Replace the chain: If the chain is worn or damaged, it will need to be replaced. Chains are relatively inexpensive and can be easily replaced by a professional bicycle mechanic.

  3. Adjust chain and gears: If the chain or gears are misaligned, they will need to be adjusted. This can be done by a professional bicycle mechanic or by following a step-by-step guide or video tutorial.

  4. Tighten bolts: If loose bolts are causing the squeaking sound, tighten them with a wrench or allen key. Be careful not to overtighten, as this can damage the threads or components.

In summary, a squeaky chain can be caused by several factors, including dirt and debris, worn or damaged chain, misaligned chain or gears, or loose bolts. By diagnosing the cause of the squeaking and addressing it with proper maintenance or repairs, you can keep your bike running smoothly and quietly.


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About the Author

Charles Moffat is equal parts bicycle mechanic, cyclist, painter, sculptor, fantasy writer, poet, website designer and pun maker. For more details see



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If your bicycle is basically junk and you don't know what to do with it then SELL IT TO ME. I will use it for parts. I will give you a fair price ($20 to $30) for your old clunker just so I can rip it apart for parts.

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