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Cardio Trek Personal Trainer
Cardio Trek
Sports Trainer
East York, Toronto, ON
Hours: Tues-Thurs 10-5:30, Sat-Sun 10-3:30
Cardio Trek is best known for teaching archery lessons in Toronto.

Friday, December 16, 2022

How Efficient is a Flywheel Braking System?

 I really enjoyed this video about how to use a Flywheel Braking System to store energy, and then use that energy when you are ready to resume cycling. The storage of the energy only amounts to 15 to 20% return on the energy stored, but also comes with the added weight being carried around, and the noise caused by the gears/flywheel.

So the amount of energy being stored and used doesn't really seem worth it when you consider the problem that the cyclist is carrying around all this extra weight, but only using that weight to their benefit when braking and restarting.

So yes, an interesting experiment, but ultimately it makes you realize that it isn't an efficient way to do it. Plus the noise... Just not worth it.

Friday, July 1, 2022

Cycling Gear and Accessories Manufacturers

Here is a list of cycling accessories manufacturers, along with some details about each brand and the types of accessories they offer:

  1. Garmin:

    • Garmin is a well-known brand specializing in GPS and cycling computer accessories.
    • They offer a range of cycling-specific GPS units, bike computers, heart rate monitors, and power meters.
    • Garmin's accessories provide data tracking, navigation, and performance monitoring for cyclists.
  2. Lezyne:

    • Lezyne is a brand that focuses on high-quality cycling accessories and tools.
    • They offer a wide range of accessories, including bike pumps, multi-tools, lights, GPS devices, and saddlebags.
    • Lezyne's accessories are known for their durability, functionality, and sleek designs.
  3. Topeak:

    • Topeak is a brand recognized for its innovative and practical cycling accessories.
    • They offer a variety of accessories, such as bike pumps, saddlebags, fenders, racks, lights, and tools.
    • Topeak is known for their user-friendly designs, versatility, and high-quality construction.
  4. SKS Germany:

    • SKS Germany is a renowned manufacturer of cycling accessories, particularly fenders and pumps.
    • They offer a wide range of fenders, pumps, mini tools, bottle cages, and accessories for various cycling disciplines.
    • SKS Germany's accessories are known for their functionality, durability, and German engineering.
  5. Blackburn:

    • Blackburn is a brand that specializes in cycling accessories designed for urban, touring, and adventure cyclists.
    • They offer accessories such as lights, racks, pumps, bottle cages, bags, and tools.
    • Blackburn's accessories focus on practicality, durability, and versatility for different cycling needs.
  6. Crankbrothers:

    • Crankbrothers is a brand known for its innovative and performance-oriented cycling accessories.
    • They offer a range of accessories, including pedals, multi-tools, pumps, bottle cages, and tubeless tire repair kits.
    • Crankbrothers' accessories are designed to enhance performance, durability, and aesthetics.
  7. Abus:

    • Abus is a renowned brand specializing in bicycle locks and security solutions.
    • They offer a wide range of bike locks, helmets, and accessories for securing bikes and protecting riders.
    • Abus's accessories prioritize high-security features, durability, and user-friendly designs.
  8. Kryptonite:

    • Kryptonite is a well-established brand known for its robust and reliable bike locks.
    • They offer a variety of locks, including U-locks, cable locks, chain locks, and lock accessories.
    • Kryptonite's accessories provide excellent theft protection and are designed to withstand various attack methods.
  9. Wahoo Fitness:

    • Wahoo Fitness is a brand specializing in smart trainers, cycling computers, and sensors.
    • They offer smart trainers, bike computers, heart rate monitors, speed and cadence sensors, and related accessories.
    • Wahoo Fitness's accessories focus on integrating technology with cycling performance and training.
  10. Tacx:

    • Tacx is a brand known for its indoor cycling trainers and accessories.
    • They offer smart trainers, rollers, bike trainers, bottles, cages, and accessories for indoor training.
    • Tacx's accessories provide cyclists with realistic indoor training experiences and connectivity features.

These are just a few examples of well-known cycling accessories manufacturers, each offering a range of products designed to enhance the cycling experience, safety, and performance. Exploring different brands can help you find the accessories that best suit your needs and preferences.

Wednesday, June 1, 2022

Cycling Clothing Manufacturers

Here is a list of cycling clothing manufacturers, along with some details about each brand and the type of cycling apparel they offer:

  1. Assos:

    • Assos is a Swiss brand known for its high-end cycling apparel.
    • They specialize in premium cycling jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, and accessories.
    • Assos is known for their innovative fabrics, ergonomic designs, and attention to detail.
  2. Castelli:

    • Castelli is an Italian brand renowned for its performance-oriented cycling clothing.
    • They offer a wide range of cycling apparel, including jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, base layers, and accessories.
    • Castelli is known for their aerodynamic designs, advanced materials, and race-focused apparel.
  3. Rapha:

    • Rapha is a British brand that combines performance and style in their cycling apparel.
    • They offer a diverse range of cycling clothing, including jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, base layers, and accessories.
    • Rapha is known for their attention to detail, premium materials, and distinctive designs.
  4. Pearl Izumi:

    • Pearl Izumi is a well-established brand offering a wide range of cycling apparel for various disciplines.
    • Their product line includes jerseys, shorts, bibs, jackets, gloves, and accessories.
    • Pearl Izumi caters to both road and mountain biking enthusiasts, focusing on comfort, performance, and durability.
  5. Santini:

    • Santini is an Italian brand with a rich history in producing high-quality cycling clothing.
    • They offer a comprehensive range of cycling apparel, including jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, and accessories.
    • Santini is known for their craftsmanship, attention to detail, and extensive customization options.
  6. Giordana:

    • Giordana is an Italian brand known for its performance-oriented cycling apparel.
    • Their product range includes jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, skinsuits, and accessories.
    • Giordana focuses on combining cutting-edge technologies, aerodynamics, and comfort in their clothing.
  7. Craft:

    • Craft is a Swedish brand that specializes in functional and technical cycling clothing.
    • They offer a wide range of apparel for cycling, including jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, base layers, and accessories.
    • Craft is known for their focus on moisture management, insulation, and comfort in various weather conditions.
  8. Gore Wear:

    • Gore Wear is a German brand recognized for its high-performance cycling apparel.
    • They offer a range of cycling clothing, including jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, and accessories.
    • Gore Wear incorporates their proprietary Gore-Tex fabrics, providing waterproofing, breathability, and weather protection.
  9. Endura:

    • Endura is a Scottish brand known for its wide range of cycling apparel.
    • They offer a diverse selection of jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, gloves, and accessories.
    • Endura focuses on durability, weather protection, and functionality across different cycling disciplines.
  10. Morvélo:

    • Morvélo is a UK-based brand that blends fashion with cycling performance in their apparel.
    • They offer a range of colorful and stylish jerseys, bib shorts, jackets, and accessories.
    • Morvélo's designs often feature unique patterns and vibrant colors, catering to cyclists seeking individuality.

These are just a few examples of well-known cycling clothing manufacturers, each with its own specialties and style. It's important to explore and consider different brands to find the one that aligns with your preferences, performance requirements, and budget.

Sunday, May 1, 2022

How to Buy an Used Bicycle: Tips and Tricks

Here are some tips for people looking to buy a used bicycle:

  1. Determine Your Needs:

    • Consider your intended use of the bicycle: commuting, road cycling, mountain biking, etc.
    • Determine the appropriate bike type, size, and features that align with your needs and preferences.
    • Set a budget range to guide your search.
  2. Research:

    • Research different bike brands, models, and their reputations for quality and reliability.
    • Read reviews and seek recommendations from experienced cyclists or trusted sources.
    • Educate yourself about different components and technologies to make informed decisions.
  3. Inspect the Bicycle:

    • Physically inspect the bike for any visible damage, wear, or signs of poor maintenance.
    • Check the frame for cracks, dents, or signs of a crash.
    • Examine the drivetrain, brakes, wheels, and suspension (if applicable) for signs of wear or damage.
    • Test the gears and brakes to ensure they are functioning properly.
  4. Test Ride:

    • Arrange a test ride to assess the bike's fit, comfort, and performance.
    • Pay attention to how the bike handles, shifts gears, and brakes.
    • Test it on different terrains, if possible, to get a better sense of its capabilities.
    • Most sellers will insist on holding onto the cash while you do a test ride, to ensure you don't ride off and steal it.
  5. Ask Questions:

    • Inquire about the bike's history, including its age, usage, and any repairs or modifications.
    • Ask about the bike's maintenance history, including when it was last serviced.
    • Seek information about the bike's original specifications, components, and any upgrades or replacements.
  6. Verify Ownership and Check for Stolen Bicycles:

    • Ensure that the seller has legal ownership of the bike. Honestly, good luck determining this. But whatever. Let's include this on the list.
    • Check the serial number against online stolen bike databases to ensure it is not reported stolen.
    • Ask for proof of purchase or any relevant documentation. Most people won't bother to have kept such things.
  7. Negotiate and Insist on a Fair Price:

    • Research the market value of similar used bikes to have a basis for negotiation.
    • Take into account the bike's condition, age, components, and any additional accessories.
    • Be respectful and reasonable during negotiations while aiming for a fair price.
  8. Consider Professional Inspection:

    • If you lack expertise in evaluating bicycles, consider getting a professional inspection from a trusted bicycle shop or mechanic after you purchase it. Or bring a friend who knows bicycles quite well.
    • They can provide a more comprehensive assessment of the bike's condition and identify any hidden issues.
  9. Check for Return Policies or Warranties:

    • If dealing with a store inquire if the seller offers any return policies or warranties for the used bike.
    • Understand the terms and conditions to protect yourself in case of unforeseen issues.
  10. Trust Your Instincts:

    • If something feels off or suspicious during the buying process, trust your instincts and consider walking away from the deal.

By following these tips, you can increase your chances of finding a suitable and reliable used bicycle that meets your needs and provides an enjoyable riding experience.

Friday, April 1, 2022

How to Sell an Used Bicycle: Tips and Tricks

Here are some tips for people looking to sell a used bicycle:

  1. Clean and Present the Bike Well:

    • Thoroughly clean the bike to make it visually appealing and presentable to potential buyers.
    • Remove dirt, grease, and grime from the frame, components, and drivetrain.
    • Polish any chrome or metal parts to restore shine.
    • Ensure that tires are properly inflated and the bike is in good overall condition.
  2. Gather Information:

    • Collect all relevant details about the bike, including the make, model, year, frame size, and components.
    • Note any upgrades, modifications, or notable features.
    • Keep records of any maintenance or repairs performed on the bike.
    • Mention the original purchase price if available.
  3. Take Quality Photos:

    • Capture high-quality, well-lit photos of the bike from various angles.
    • Highlight any unique or desirable features.
    • Include close-up shots of important components, such as the drivetrain, suspension, or brakes.
    • Consider taking photos of the bike outdoors to showcase it in a natural setting.
    • If possible, make the photos funny in some manner to attract extra attention. (I got lucky with the one bicycle I sold years ago because I managed to capture a lot of photos of birds inspecting my bicycle.)
  4. Set a Realistic Price:

    • Research the market value of similar used bikes to determine a fair and competitive price.
    • Consider factors such as the bike's age, condition, brand reputation, and any upgrades or accessories included.
    • Be prepared to negotiate, but also be firm on your asking price if you believe it is justified.
  5. Write an Accurate and Descriptive Listing:

    • Create a detailed and honest description of the bike in your listing.
    • Include all relevant specifications, features, and condition details.
    • Highlight any selling points such as low mileage, recent maintenance, or high-quality components.
    • Mention any flaws or issues to manage buyer expectations.
  6. Advertise Effectively:

    • Utilize online platforms, such as classified ads websites, cycling forums, or social media groups, to reach potential buyers.
    • Craft a compelling and informative listing title to attract attention.
    • Share your listing in relevant cycling communities or groups.
    • Consider using multiple platforms to increase visibility.
  7. Be Responsive and Professional:

    • Respond promptly to inquiries from potential buyers.
    • Provide additional information or photos if requested.
    • Be courteous and professional in all communications.
    • Arrange test rides or inspections in a safe and secure environment.
  8. Ensure a Smooth Sale:

    • Be prepared to negotiate and have a bottom-line price in mind.
    • Complete any necessary paperwork, such as a bill of sale or transfer of ownership documents.
    • Accept secure payment methods, such as cash, bank transfer, or a trusted online payment platform.
    • Make sure to transfer ownership legally and provide any required documentation.
    • If the buyer wants to take the bicycle for a test ride, ask to hold onto the cash while they do so. Some thieves will just ride off on the bicycle and you will never see them again.
    • Choose a safe space to meet the person like a public park with witnesses.

By following these tips, you can increase your chances of selling your used bicycle quickly and at a fair price.


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About the Author

Charles Moffat is equal parts bicycle mechanic, cyclist, painter, sculptor, fantasy writer, poet, website designer and pun maker. For more details see



Do you own a bike shop and are looking to hire a bicycle mechanic in North America? Just email me with the job posting details and I will post it for you. (Also, please let me know when the job has been filled so I can update the posting.)


If your bicycle is basically junk and you don't know what to do with it then SELL IT TO ME. I will use it for parts. I will give you a fair price ($20 to $30) for your old clunker just so I can rip it apart for parts.

If you need repairs check out my Bicycle Mechanic Services in Banbury-Don Mills.